Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni - Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, philosopher. One of the greatest masters of the Renaissance.
Michelangelo was born March 6, 1475 in the Tuscan town of Kapreze near Arezzo, in the family Lodoviko Buonarroti, city councilor. As a child brought up in Florence, and then some time lived in the town Settinyano.
In 1488 Michelangelo against the wishes of his father's apprentice in the studio comes Domenico Girlandayo and was there during the year.
In 1496 Cardinal Raffaello Riario buys marble «Cupid» Michelangelo and invites artists to work in Rome.
Michelangelo died on February 18, 1564 in Rome. Before his death he dictated a will with all his characteristic terse: «I will give the soul to God, the body of the land, the property of the family».
Genius of Michelangelo marked not only the art of the Renaissance, but also to the whole future world culture. Activities of its associated mainly with the two Italian cities - Florence and Rome. The nature of his talents, he was primarily a sculptor. They are also felt in the paintings by the master, an unusually rich plasticity of movements, poses complex, distinct and powerful modeling volumes. In Florence Michelangelo created immortal piece High Renaissance - the statue «David» (1501-1504), became for many centuries the standard picture of human body, in Rome - sculptural composition «Pieta» (1498-1499), one of the first expressions of human figures of the dead plasty. But their most ambitious designs to realize the artist in painting, where he made a true innovator of color and shape. By order of Pope Julia II, he met the painted ceiling of Sistine Chapel (1508-1512), representing the Biblical story of creation of the world before the flood, and includes over 300 figures. In 1534-1541 in the same Sistine Chapel for Pope Paul III performed the grand, dramatic fresco «Last Court». Striking for its beauty and grandeur architectural work of Michelangelo - Ensemble Capitol Square and the Cathedral of St.. Peter's in Rome.